Average Body Fat Percentage of Different Dog Breeds

Muscle and fat are 2 main parts of body composition. Muscle is the key part of energy consumption. More muscle mass means a higher basal metabolic rate (more calories automatically burned while sitting still) and less likely to store fat. High muscle mass may require more protein to maintain.

If the Rottweiler (31.6% body fat, less muscle mass) is fed in a way suitable for Greyhounds (7.9% body fat, large muscle mass), the Rottie will likely get overweight, all other things being equal. 

  • When calculating the daily calories and nutrient requirements, pet parents should consider the differences in body composition of different breeds.
  • If you are putting your pup on a diet plan, maintaining muscle mass is as important as counting calories.  
  • A suitable nutritional pattern and lifestyle help maintain or increase muscle mass (depending on your goal for your dog)
  • Consider consulting your pup's veterinarian for professional advice.

There are many factors to body composition. Dog breeds are just an example.  The focus is not to ignore muscle mass when estimating calories and nutrition, or formulating a weight adjustment plan for your dog. 

 Average Body Fat (%) :

Body fat composition of Golden Retriever 22.7%
Rottweiler average body fat is 31.6%
Greyhound has average body fat of 7.9%
Dachshund has average body fat of 22.7%
Siberian husky has average body fat of 28.5%
Standard poodle has average body fat of 24.5%
Source:Jeusette, I., et al. Effect of breed on body composition and comparison between various methods to estimate body composition in dogs. Res. Vet. Sci. (2009), doi:10.1016/j.rvsc.2009.07.009., Shawn Han

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